Physiotherapy (from Greek physis = nature, therapeia = treatment) is a treatment involving natural factors like water (fresh and mineral), mud, light, etc., and artificial physical factors (ultrasound, electromagnetic field, laser beams, thermotherapy, cryotherapy, etc.). Treatment with physical factors improves tissue nutrition and blood circulation, suppresses inflammation, improves muscle tone, reduces cramps and, most importantly, relieves pain. This method is an important component of complex therapy and medical rehabilitation which enhances the effect of treatment, helps to avoid complications, restores the ability to work faster, and improves the quality of life.
Our rehabilitation centre offers the following procedures and methods of physiotherapy:
Electrotherapy and Magnetic Therapy
Electrotherapy and magnetic therapy combine the use of electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields for treatment.
Darsonvalization is a method of treatment using high-frequency impulse current. This procedure is used for the diseases of the peripheral nervous system, with prevalence of circulatory disorders and pain syndrome, vascular abnormalities (Raynaud’s disease, migraine, etc.), irregularities in skin integrity and trophic ulcers, ear, nose and throat diseases and dental diseases. Therapeutic effect: reduces pain, improves blood circulation, strengthens the immune system.
Magnetic therapy involves application of static or alternating low-frequency magnetic fields on human body. The therapy is used for peripheral circulation and musculoskeletal system disorders, demyelinating diseases of the peripheral nervous system, altered skin integrity, allergic skin diseases, cerebrovascular disorders (after strokes, injuries), coronary heart disease, stage I and II hypertension, bronchial asthma, chronic pneumonia, rhinitis, osteochondrosis, and osteoarthritis. Therapeutic effect: dilates blood vessels, has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, sedative effect, reduces swelling, lowers blood pressure, boosts immunity, and reduces allergy.
Microwave therapy uses super-high frequency magnetic field for treatment. It is used to treat musculoskeletal system disorders (arthrosis of knee, hip, ankle, and other joints, contractures, rheumatoid arthritis); ear, nose, and throat diseases (sinusitis, ear inflammation, chronic non-infectious rhinitis, etc.); nervous system diseases (radiculopathy, etc.). Therapeutic effect: reduces inflammation (improves microcirculation and metabolism), reduces allergies (affects lymphoid tissue, suppresses autoantibody synthesis, increases glucocorticoid activity), inhibits vascular spasms (improves blood circulation), improves tissue regeneration (stimulates collagen formation, scarring), soothes, relieves pain, promotes healing, reduces muscle spasms, facilitates movements in the joints.
TENS Therapy is used to reduce symptomatic and chronic pain and to stimulate muscles. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) involves the use of short-impulse monopolar or bipolar electrical current. Used for acute and subacute pain syndrome associated with peripheral nerve damage, vertebrogenic pain, after sports injuries (muscle sprains, strains, bruises). Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) is used for the recovery and / or strengthening of the tissue and / or organ functions by pulsed electrical current. It is used for hypokinesia, muscle tone weakness, activation of blood circulation to stimulate bowel movements during the postoperative period. Therapeutic effect: increases muscle strength, tone, endurance, promotes peripheral blood circulation, and metabolic muscle processes.
Danmeter TS 6000 is a mains-powered, single-channel device for pain relief, and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) involves the use of short-impulse monopolar and bipolar electrical current. The myelin-coated nerve fibres involved in the pain suppression process and TENS pulse current are similar in physical parameters. This similarity determines the physiological and therapeutic effects; rhythmically, in short pulses (50-250 us), the current affects the skin-deep nerve sensory fibres and does not provoke irritation of the muscle motor fibres and myofibrils. Short electric current signals inhibit the transmission of pain to the CNS by activating thick myelinated nerve fibres, which stimulate endogenous opioids, serotonin, and inhibit pain dominance. The analgesic effect is evident in the superficial layers of the skin, but by adjusting the physical parameters.
The StimaWELL©12OMTRS system is designed for medium-frequency electrotherapy to stimulate muscles, reduce pain, treat by heat, and massage the back area of adults and young people. StimaWELL©120MTRS system programs are divided into three program groups. Pain therapy (based on symptoms): programs designed for the treatment of specific complaints of back and pain treatment. Muscle therapy: treatment programs for back muscle strengthening and stretching. Dynamic deep massage: dynamic deep massage programs. User programs: combinations of various programs for individual package.
Phototherapy is a type of treatment that involves exposure to light or the use of electromagnetic waves of a certain optical range for treatment.
Light therapy. HydrosunRHC750 is a medical device for professional use that operates in visible light and water-filtered infrared radiation. It can be used for treating adults and children. In addition to the torso, head and neck, the limb treatment is also possible, depending on safety information and general contraindications. This device is characterized by uniform heating and high efficiency. wIRA stands for water-filtered infrared A beam. The aqueous solution, hermetically sealed in a cuvette, absorbs infrared wavelengths that irritate the skin. wIRA allows the treatment of deep layers of tissue for longer periods of time without overheating the surface layers of the skin.
Light therapy (using BIOTRON medical device) stimulates light-sensitive intracellular structures, modulates reparative and regenerative processes as well as the processes of the human defence-system, relieves pain, promotes resorption of non-infectious inflammatory infiltrates, reduces tissue edema, and helps to relax muscles. The procedure is used for altered skin integrity, respiratory diseases (bronchitis, bronchial asthma, etc.), peripheral nervous system diseases (radiculopathy, etc.), musculoskeletal system diseases, etc.
Laser therapy. The physiotherapeutic effect of the laser is based on the combined effect of infrared laser irradiation, red optical irradiation, irradiation, magnetic field, and bar massage. This therapy is used for peripheral nervous system diseases, altered skin integrity, respiratory system and musculoskeletal system diseases and injuries, ear, nose, and throat diseases, etc. The application of laser therapy reduces inflammation, pain, stimulates processes of nerve fibre regeneration, strengthens the immune system, activates blood circulation, promotes bone and wound healing as well as muscle tissue plasticity.
The Bio Photas CellumaR device is designed to locally increase tissue temperature using infrared heat. It temporarily reduces mild muscle or joint pain, arthritis or muscle spasm symptoms, muscle stiffness and promotes muscle relaxation; temporarily increases local blood flow. The blue light spectrum is used to treat mild to moderate acne. Celluma, emitting red and infrared spectrum, is used in dermatology and for the treatment of skin wounds.
DermalightR500R-1 is a general-purpose medical UV radiation device. The emission spectrum of UV lamps is in the UV-B range (311 nm). It emits a small and harmless visible light. Medium wave radiation is used. Due to irradiation, photobiological processes have a positive effect on skin diseases.
The DermalightR2000 is an ultraviolet irradiation device that meets the requirements of a modern phototherapy device. The emission spectrum is a combination of the 311 nm narrow-range spectrum of UV-A and UV-B. The device emits a small and harmless amount of visible radiation.
Mechanical vibration therapy
Mechanical vibration involves atmospheric pressure and airflow movement, ultrasound, vibration, compression and stretching.
Ultrasound is a treatment using high-frequency mechanical vibrations. It is applied for treatment of inflammatory and degenerative joint diseases, the problems resulting from trauma and musculoskeletal system disorders, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and eye diseases. The ultrasound may help the pharmaceuticals to penetrate deep into the body. Therapeutic effect: reduces chronic and sub-chronic inflammation, increases the elasticity of connective tissue, stimulates tissue metabolic processes.
Novafon is a therapeutic massager for reducing physical ailments. The intensity of the vibration can be selected individually based on the patient needs. At a frequency of 50 Hz, a stimulating tapping massage is created, and at 100 Hz, the effect of a continuous massage is created. Due to the vertical penetration, the vibration is sent deep into the tissues by about 6 cm thus creating a stimulating effect on the deep muscles, nerves, and lymphatic system.
BTL SMART 4000. The effects of ultrasound on the body depend on a variety of factors: intensity, frequency, duration, sound field, tissue type and strength, and biodiversity. Ultrasound therapy with BTL-4000 SMART device is a treatment with mechanical waves (vibrations). The device offers alternating frequencies of 1 and 3 MHz. Ultrasound is used for degenerative dystrophic joint diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis, etc.), delayed bone healing after fracture, scarring, contractures, acute and subacute trauma and inflammation, wounds, ligament sprains and inflammation, spine pain, radiculopathy, heel pain. Ultrasound is also used after gynaecological, orthopaedic, and other operations, speeding scar healing, suppressing local inflammatory process.
Aerosol therapy (inhalations) is widely used for treatment of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the aerosol therapy is to deliver the therapeutic aerosol doses of medications into the airways in a short period of time. It moistens the airways, facilitates secretion, reduces inflammation, improves blood circulation, and is used for treatment of respiratory diseases (bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, etc.). Our centre also provides oxygen inhalation therapy services that are recommended for chronic fatigue syndrome, dizziness, sleep disorders, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory system diseases (bronchitis, asthma, etc.).
Compression therapy (lymphatic drainage massage) is a procedure performed using a special device to improve lymph and venous circulation. Therapeutic effect: improves lymph circulation, dilates blood vessels, removes fluid accumulated in tissues, stimulates cell metabolism, strengthens the analgesic effect. It is used for primary and secondary lymphedema, venous and lymphatic edema caused by chronic venous insufficiency, postoperative edema, improvement of blood circulation, varicose veins (dilated leg veins), thrombosis prevention.
Dead Sea climate and colour therapy. The climate of the Dead Sea inside the room is generated by a special device that uses ultrasonic sprayers to spray fine dry mist made from a top-quality Dead Sea or Himalayan salt solution and fills the room with negative ions and oxygen. Negative ions accelerate oxygen intake from the lungs into the bloodstream, and with the help of the Dead Sea climate system, oxygen is also absorbed through skin. This accelerates transfer of oxygen into the cells and optimizes the use of oxygen for all essential functions of the body. The Dead Sea climate device increases oxygen concentration in the room by up to 30 percent. This procedure is used prophylactically, as well as for treatment of the respiratory tract (asthma, bronchitis, sinus diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), skin (psoriasis, neurodermatitis, acne), cardiovascular disorders. It has a positive effect on the nervous system (nervous tension, fatigue, concentration disorders, decreased ability to work, depression), boosts immunity. Dead Sea climate therapy is used in combination with colour therapy. Different colours have a different impact on the psycho-emotional processes, whereas exogenous heat affects metabolic processes.
Individual halotherapy using Saltarium salt capsule. Halotherapy is a form of non-medical treatment based on the establishment of artificial microclimate of salt mines with constant temperature and humidity. A dry salt (NaCl) aerosol is blown into the Saltarium salt capsule through special openings. The salt particles are so small that they reach not only the upper but also the lower respiratory tract, easily covering the surface of the skin. Therapeutic effect: anti-inflammatory, relieves the bronchi, thins mucus, reduces inflammation, prevents infections into the respiratory tract, has a positive effect on general well-being. The treatment stimulates positive changes in the immune system, strengthens the immunity which, in turn, fights bacterial and viral infections.
Shock wave therapy. Shock waves applied for medical purposes are sound waves that transmit high energy to a sore point thus speeding healing, regeneration, and restorative processes. It is used for: Achilles tendon tendinitis, patellar tendinitis, heel spur, carpal tunnel syndrome, epicondylitis, etc. Therapeutic effect: reduces pain, reduces tissue tension, improves blood circulation in tissues and tissue nutrition.
Thermotherapy and Cryotherapy
Sea salt and organic pine extract pillow is a completely natural remedy for combating joint diseases, rheumatic pains, joint and muscle spasms. Made from the natural sea salt that has healing effect and organic pine extract, it is a perfect application for body compresses.
Therapeutic effect: improves blood circulation, metabolism, absorption of inflammatory infiltrates, scars, adhesions, regeneration, reduces muscle spasms, accelerates sweating.
Cold and heat therapy (Thermopress device). Individual areas of the body may be warmed up (25–40º C) or cooled down (0–15º C) within the temperature range from 0º C to 40º C during the procedure by using special splints with a fluid circulation system. Cold applications are prescribed after acute musculoskeletal injuries (bruises, swelling, tendon and ligament sprains), whereas heat applications are prescribed for haematomas (bruises), contractures, muscle spasms.
Cryoflow ICE-CT is a cold air therapy device that performs non-contact measurement of skin temperature. In this way, the temperature is maintained at a constant level. This method guarantees an accurate dose of cryotherapy. Adjusting the surface temperature provides a pleasant sensation for the patient. When the patient does not feel discomfort, the cold is able to penetrate deeply and evenly into the tissue. This device is designed to reduce pain, stop inflammatory processes, stimulate blood flow. Cold air treatment is especially suitable for acute and chronic diseases.